2003_6_supcrt.jpgThe Supreme Court has upheld affirmative action in a 5-4 ruling. Justice Sandra Day O'Connor wrote in her decision: "In order to cultivate a set of leaders with legitimacy in the eyes of the citizenry, it is necessary that the path to leadership be visibly open to talented and qualified individuals of every race and ethnicity."

However, the court did strike down some quota systems based on points. The Washington Post says that court, for once, looks like America with this decision.

Columbia's president, Lee Bollinger, had been President of University of Michigan and was sued by students for upholding Michigan's affirmative action policy. (The law school affirmative action stands, undergraduate policy doesn't.) The decisions: Grutter vs. Bollinger and Gratz vs. Bollinger.