The movement to topple Confederate memorials and other monuments to racists continues to grow across New York, and some activists are now setting their sights on a Central Park statue in tribute to a gynecologist known for experimenting on enslaved black women without anesthesia or consent.

The bronze statue of Dr. J. Marion Sims, which sits at the Fifth Avenue and 103rd Street entrance to the park, has withstood the ire of East Harlem residents for years. Credited as the father of modern gynecology, Sims spent years performing experimental vaginal surgeries on three enslaved women—Lucy, Betsey, and Anarcha —and was said to have "operated repeatedly without success on patients who had no say in the decision-making process that led up to their surgeries."

But while neighbors and members of Community Board 11 have long argued that a white southern doctor who experimented on slaves should not be publicly honored in New York, the Parks Department has repeatedly defied calls for the statue's removal, pledging not to remove art over objections to its content.

That may soon change, however, thanks to a string of impassioned protests against the monument in the wake of the white supremacist rally in Charlottesville. On Monday morning, City Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito joined activists with the Black Youth Project, Planned Parenthood, and East Harlem Preservation to denounce the monument.

"Now, more than ever, as the nation undergoes the erosion of our fundamental rights, it is imperative that New York City stand firm in its commitment to honor and defend its citizens with this simple gesture," a pamphlet distributed by the historic preservation read.

"We must send a definitive message that the actions of J Marion Sims are repugnant," said City Council Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito, who has called for the statue's removal since 2011. "His horrific experiments enslaved black women."

Monday's demonstration was the second in three days, with dozens of activists—many dressed in blood-soaked hospital gowns—also showing up to protest the statue on Saturday.

"Memorializing of imperialist slaveholders, murderers and torturers like J. Marion Sims is white supremacy," Rossanna Mercedes, a member of Black Youth Project 100, said Saturday, according to the Daily News.

"We will no longer allow government institutions like the New York City Parks Department to passively allow symbols of oppression."

Neither the Parks Department nor City Hall would directly on comment on whether their position on the monument had changed in wake of the renewed interest. A spokesperson for Mayor de Blasio said the mayor is the process of "putting together a panel of relevant experts and community leaders," as part of the "beginning framework of what will ideally be a long-term approach to the evaluation of public structures and controversial pieces of public art."

"City Hall has not been commenting on specific structures yet," he added. "Stay tuned."