After the September 11, 2001 attacks, there were worries that New York City would no longer be attractive as a place to live, but now a study from the city's Independent Budget Office finds that there was "no exodus." The Daily News reports, "After a brief spike in New Yorkers fleeing town in 2001, the pace of departures slowed... And more taxpaying newcomers have arrived from outside the city in each year since the terrorist attacks than in the years leading up to them." The IBO's deputy director George Sweeting said, "There hasn't been a long-lasting negative effect."