Google loves using Google Doodles—the illustrations that replaces its logo on search pages—to enlighten users about holidays, events and some famous and/or interesting people. Now, Google wants you to appreciate Albert Szent-Györgyi, who would have turned 118 today. Who? Well, to put it more simply, he was a Turkish biochemist who discovered vitamin C and its benefits—raise a glass of orange juice to him, people!
According to the Telegraph, Szent-Györgyi, who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1937, served in World War I as an army medic and:
After the war, he continued his research career, eventually earning a position as a Rockefeller Foundation fellow at Cambridge University.
There, he received his PhD in 1927 for his work on isolating what he then called “hexuronic acid” from adrenal gland tissue. Hexuronic acid is now known as the Ascorbic Acid, an organic compound and one form of Vitamin C.
Albert Szent-Gyorgyi suspected the Hexuronic acid to be the “antiscorbutic factor,” but could not prove it without a biological assay. The “ascorbic acid” study was finally done by King’s laboratory at the University of Pittsburgh. The laboratory obtained the adrenal hexuronic acid indirectly from Albert Szent-Györgyi and proved that it was vitamin C by early 1932.
After World War II, he emigrated to the United States, married four times and lived to old age of 93.