Black New Yorkers are 25 times more likely to be shot than their white counterparts. According to an annual report released by the NYPD [PDF], 73.9% of all the shooting victims in the first six months of 2013 were black; 21.5% were Hispanic, while 2.8% were white. Shooting arrests paralleled these numbers: 70% were black, 25.4% were Hispanic, and 2.9% were white.
Of the 159,561 people who were involved in stop and frisk encounters in the first six months of the year, 55.8% were black, while 29.6% were Hispanic, and 5.8% were white. People of color are also more likely to be victims of murders, felony assaults, rape, and robbery.
Whites were more likely to be victims of grand larceny and petit larceny than other racial groups.
NYPD Commissioner Ray Kelly explained the lopsidedness in the Wall Street Journal earlier this year:
In 2003, when the NYPD recognized that 96% of the individuals who were shot and 90% of those murdered were black and Hispanic, we concentrated our officers in those minority neighborhoods that had experienced spikes in crime. This program is called Operation Impact.
From the beginning, we've combined this strategy with a proactive policy of engagement. We stop and question individuals about whom we have reasonable suspicion.
The problem with this logic is that race, not suspicion, becomes justification for police scrutiny, which leads Mayor Bloomberg to make statements like this:
For years now critics have been trying to argue that minorities are stopped disproportionately; if you look at the crime numbers that's just not true. The numbers don't lie.
Per the U.S. Constitution, crime statistics cannot dictate whom a police officer stops on the street.
A report of all police-involved shootings in 2012 [PDF] showed that 16 people were shot and killed by the NYPD last year, the most of any year during the Bloomberg administration. 14 more civilians were wounded.
Of the 105 incidents in which officers fired their weapons last year, 45 occurred during what the department calls an "adversarial conflict," 24 during an animal attack, and 21 were unintentional discharges. Fifteen were unauthorized uses of an officer's firearm, which includes eight officer suicides, one attempted suicide, another was a suicide by an officer's wife, and three were shootings by criminals who had gained control of the officer's gun. Two of the incidents are still being investigated.
There were no "mistaken identity discharges" in 2012.
Brooklyn contained the most police shootings involving officers explicitly shooting at suspects (9), followed by Manhattan (4). The Bronx and Queens had the same amount (4), while Staten Island contained the least (2). A total of 331 bullets were fired during these confrontations—72% of the officers involved fired 1-5 rounds, while 25% fired between 6-16. Two officers, or 3% of the total, fired more than 16.
As of Monday, there were seven people killed by police gunfire for 2013, the lowest number in three years.