A study released by the journal Crime & Delinquency shows that close to 50% of black men and 40% of white men have been arrested at least once on a non-traffic related offense by the age of 23. Now seems an opportune moment to remind employers that discriminating against applicants who have a criminal record is illegal.

"Among criminologists, I don't think they're that surprised or alarmed by the findings," criminologist and co-author of the study Robert Brame told the AP. "The alarm and concern is among people not as familiar with the patterns."

The researchers found that by age 18, 30% of black men, 26% of Hispanic men, and 22% of white men had been arrested; 20% of black women, 18% of white women, and 16% of Hispanic women had been arrested by age 23.

The results of the study came from a survey of roughly 7,000 people. A similar study in 1967 found that 34% of men had been arrested by age 23. Research released in 2011 reported a similar number.

"Many, many people are involved with the criminal justice system at this level," a criminologist not involved with the study tells the AP. "And treating them all as if they're hardened criminals is a serious mistake."

Governor Cuomo has taken steps to raise the age at which children are tried for crimes as adults, from 16 to 18, by the end of this year.