Who has helped define this city's history for the past 400 years? The Museum of the City of New York (who we really wish would shorten their name) has compiled a list in commemoration of Henry Hudson's 1609 voyage into the Harbor. "The NYC400 is the first-ever list of New York City's ultimate movers and shakers since the City's founding—from politics, the arts, business, sports, science, and entertainment."

Beyond the Bloombergs and Barnums are some possibly lesser known or more forgotten names, like "Mathew Brady (1822-1896), who was a New York-based photographer noted for his portraits of celebrities and politicians, such as Abraham Lincoln, and Civil War images. In 1856 he created the first modern advertisement in the New York Herald by using a typeface distinct from the paper's text."

For the more current-minded, both Shawn Carter (Jay-Z) and Sean "Diddy" Combs also made it on the list. Other names include the controversial Robert Moses and magazine mogul Condé Montrose Nast. Find out who else is at the core of the Big Apple; the entire Top 400 list is here. And do tell: who is missing...